Opportunity =good chance

Strategies=methods, ways

Overcoming =winning over

Encounter =find

Dealing =Facing

Aspects =parts

Attitude =point of view, perception

Clarify =make clear

Conversation deepens =talk seriously

Genuine =sincere


Summary of Videotaped Introduction


Dr. Archer says that in Module Five, you will learn to be friends with people

who are from different cultures. You will learn special rules for feeling friendly

with people from different cultures. You will see Mazen and Josh talking about

the mini-movie, “Brian and Aziz.”  They talk about what American people and

Syrian people think about dressing, about “shame” and about dating and marriage.

They talk about ideas that are different in the USA and Syria and ideas that are the



Summary of a Reading on Universals


People come from different cultures and act in different ways

because they come from different cultures. For example, in the

cartoon in Module Four Akira waits until the class time is finished before he leaves the classroom. However, Brian leaves the classroom as soon as he finishes his test paper. They act differently because they come from different cultures.


Cultural values are the ideas that are important in each culture.

First, we must ask one another why we do what we do. We

must think very much about this question. Next, we must ask

ourselves how we do the same thing. We must discover what

is the same for every person. That is a common or universal

situation. When we have a culture bump, we must ask

ourselves three questions:

1.  What are you doing?

2.  Why are you doing that?

3.   How do I do that?


Below there are some examples of situations and ideas

that are the same for all people in the world.